The Importance of the Union (1-14)

Defects of the Articles of Confederation (15-22)

Arguments for the Type of Government Contained in the Constitution (23-36)

The Republican Form of Government (37-51)

The Legislative Branch (52-66)

The Executive Branch (67-77)

The Judicial Branch (78-83)

Conclusions and Miscellaneous Ideas









The Federalist Papers

The Federalist Papers were written and published during the years 1787 and 1788 in several New York State newspapers to persuade New York voters to ratify the proposed constitution.

The series' correct title is The Federalist ; the title The Federalist Papers did not emerge until the twentieth century.

In total, the Federalist Papers consist of 85 essays outlining how this new government would operate and why this type of government was the best choice for the United States of America. All of the essays were signed " PUBLIUS " and the actual authors of some are under dispute, but the general consensus is that Alexander Hamilton wrote 52 , James Madison wrote 28 , and John Jay contributed the remaining five .

The Federalist remains a primary source for interpretation of the U.S. Constitution, as the essays outline a lucid and compelling version of the philosophy and motivation of the proposed system of government .

Federal judges, when interpreting the Constitution, frequently use the Federalist Papers as a contemporary account of the intentions of the framers and ratifiers. They have been applied on issues ranging from the power of the federal government in foreign affairs (in Hines v. Davidowitz ) to the validity of ex post facto laws (in the 1798 decision Calder v. Bull , apparently the first decision to mention The Federalist ). By 2000, The Federalist had been quoted 291 times in Supreme Court decisions.

Libusters also include other important documents of the period: